【原创】 golang编译异常问题
栏目:Go  作者:  阅读:(2752)


前提:所有异常,基于笔者开发环境Mac、部署环境Linux7


异常一:

这个异常,我查了国内、国外,没有几个能把这个问题讲清楚的。我这边记录一下。

maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher %
maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher % go get
# github.com/docker/docker/pkg/term
../../../pkg/mod/github.com/docker/docker@v1.4.2-0.20190924003213-a8608b5b67c7/pkg/term/tc.go:13:28: undefined: unix.SYS_IOCTL
../../../pkg/mod/github.com/docker/docker@v1.4.2-0.20190924003213-a8608b5b67c7/pkg/term/tc.go:18:28: undefined: unix.SYS_IOCTL
../../../pkg/mod/github.com/docker/docker@v1.4.2-0.20190924003213-a8608b5b67c7/pkg/term/termios_bsd.go:24:31: undefined: unix.SYS_IOCTL
../../../pkg/mod/github.com/docker/docker@v1.4.2-0.20190924003213-a8608b5b67c7/pkg/term/termios_bsd.go:37:31: undefined: unix.SYS_IOCTL
maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher %
maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher %

出现这种情况的问题。因为,报错这个项目适应环境为Linux,那么问题来了。我的开发环境是Mac。所以,我们需要调整编译输出Linux。


我安装完golang。本地环境参数:

maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher %
maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher % go env
GO111MODULE=""
GOARCH="amd64"
GOBIN=""
GOCACHE="/Users/maoshengchun/Library/Caches/go-build"
GOENV="/Users/maoshengchun/Library/Application Support/go/env"
GOEXE=""
GOFLAGS=""
GOHOSTARCH="amd64"
GOHOSTOS="darwin"
GOINSECURE="gitlab.research.com"
GOMODCACHE="/Users/maoshengchun/Work/Go/GoWork/pkg/mod"
GONOPROXY="gitlab.research.com"
GONOSUMDB="gitlab.research.com"
GOOS="linux"
GOPATH="/Users/maoshengchun/Work/Go/GoWork"
GOPRIVATE="gitlab.research.com"
GOPROXY="https://goproxy.io,https://mirrors.aliyun.com/goproxy/,direct"
GOROOT="/usr/local/Cellar/go@1.15/1.15.12/libexec"
GOSUMDB="sum.golang.org"
GOTMPDIR=""
GOTOOLDIR="/usr/local/Cellar/go@1.15/1.15.12/libexec/pkg/tool/darwin_amd64"
GCCGO="gccgo"
AR="ar"
CC="clang"
CXX="clang++"
CGO_ENABLED="0"
GOMOD="/Users/maoshengchun/Work/Go/GoWork/src/github.com/rancher/go.mod"
CGO_CFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_CPPFLAGS=""
CGO_CXXFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_FFLAGS="-g -O2"
CGO_LDFLAGS="-g -O2"
PKG_CONFIG="pkg-config"
GOGCCFLAGS="-fPIC -m64 -fno-caret-diagnostics -Qunused-arguments -fmessage-length=0 -fdebug-prefix-map=/var/folders/ly/tvn8y5l52jb9wdkzphn_m25r0000gn/T/go-build846120270=/tmp/go-build -gno-record-gcc-switches"
maoshengchun@maoshengchuns-MacBook-Pro rancher %


因为我们需要配置输出的环境为Linux,需要在系统环境配置里面,配置:

#编译输出为:Linux系统
export GOOS=linux
#Mac安装golang,默认输出为:darwin
#export GOOS=darwin

参考:

unable to build on macOS

Go基本安装及环境变量说明

Golang 交叉编译跨平台的可执行程序 (Mac、Linux、Windows )


附录golang几个特殊环境配置:

1、

主机操作系统和编译架构的名称。
$GOHOSTOS and $GOHOSTARCH
    The name of the host operating system and compilation architecture. These default to the local system's operating system and architecture.
    
    Valid choices are the same as for $GOOS and $GOARCH, listed above. The specified values must be compatible with the local system. For example, you should not set $GOHOSTARCH to arm on an x86 system.

2、

目标操作系统和编译架构的名称。
$GOOS and $GOARCH
    The name of the target operating system and compilation architecture. These default to the values of $GOHOSTOS and $GOHOSTARCH respectively (described below).




异常二:

[root@localhost rancher]#
[root@localhost rancher]# go get
go: errors parsing go.mod:
/data/study/gostudy/src/github.com/rancher/rancher/go.mod:18:2: replace gitlab.research.com/CloudComputing/Cloud-Fundamation/Operation-Center/rancher/types.git: version "features/v4.1.0-normal" invalid: git fetch -f origin refs/heads/*:refs/heads/* refs/tags/*:refs/tags/* in /data/study/gostudy/pkg/mod/cache/vcs/1a149b94f32befaf9dbed81d8246d9c2618723bddf70eecd410808a5027b4823: exit status 128:
	error: RPC failed; result=22, HTTP code = 404
	fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
[root@localhost rancher]#

本地git环境:

[root@localhost rancher]# git version
git version 1.8.3.1
[root@localhost rancher]#


解决方式:

因为git版本太低,升级git版本

参考链接:

go mod报错问题解决过程

centos 6.x/7.x使用yum升级git版本







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